Realistic Threat Hypothesis

refers to the idea that we dislike people with whom we are competing for resources (food, jobs, silver cups, electoral districts)


people are supposed to state everything they do remember (e.g, details of an event or words from a studied list)


people are confronted with details (e.g., a list of words) they have previously encountered or not. For each detail they have to indicate whether they remember it or not


vivid mental images, sounds, details, etc, of a memory

recovered memories

traumatic memories that were once forgotten but later were remembered or ‘recovered’


the real or perceived connection, dependency, influence or involvement between two or more things

relational mobility

the extent to which people have the opportunity to select new relationship partners

the amount of opportunity and freedom individuals have to form new and leave current relationships in a given society or social context (Yuki, Sato, Takemura, & Oishi, 2013)

the extent to which individuals are able to voluntarily form relationships new and leave old relationships in a given society or social context

relational models theory

states that people are inherently social animals who organize their lives in terms of their relationships with others. These relationships are culture-specific implementations of four types of basic social bonds. Communal sharing is one type of such a bond

relative deprivation

is the perception and / or experience of lacking something that one feels entitled to

relative judgment

judgment that is based on comparisons between different options (i.e., persons), rather than of a presented person and one’s memory of the perpetrator; it bears the hazard of choosing the person that most resembles the perpetrator (cf. absolute judgment)

reminiscent details

information in eyewitness accounts that is recalled (and reported) at a later time, but not during a previous attempt (Fisher, Brewer, & Mitchell, 2009)

residential mobility

the frequency with which individuals change their residence

the degree to which people move residences, either on a personal or a regional level

retrieval-induced forgetting

Phenomenon whereby recalling certain details strengthens a person’s memory for those details, at the expense of memory for related but non-retrieved details


the infliction of harm in return for a perceived wrong

romantic love

is passion plus intimacy; maybe you’re not thinking past the current wonderful moment, but for now you’re buckled into an emotional rollercoaster with a lovely friend, nice!


unverified pieces of information that are transmitted from person to person and are relevant to public concern; generally arise under circumstances of ambiguity and/or threat