real life environmental dilemmas

These involve the real life collective management of natural resources, including shared forests, water, air, energy and fish. They also cover more general behaviours such as recycling which are still dilemmas about natural resources, but perhaps not in such an obvious way. In the case of recycling, think of the consequences: energy usage, landfill, and air pollution are reduced, and natural resources such as forests are preserved (Benefits of Recycling, 2014). Similar variables to laboratory social dilemmas are be manipulated, such as the effect on electricity usage of giving people instant feedback about their electricity consumption; or whether providing opportunities to communicate and work together to decide how to share the wood in a forest can prevent overuse. Benefits of Recycling (2014). Retrieved on July 21, 2014 from www.benefits-of-recycling.com/helptheenvironmentbyrecycling

Synonyms: real life environmental dilemma

Realistic Threat Hypothesis

refers to the idea that we dislike people with whom we are competing for resources (food, jobs, silver cups, electoral districts)

recall

people are supposed to state everything they do remember (e.g, details of an event or words from a studied list)

recognition

people are confronted with details (e.g., a list of words) they have previously encountered or not. For each detail they have to indicate whether they remember it or not

recollection

vivid mental images, sounds, details, etc, of a memory

recovered memories

traumatic memories that were once forgotten but later were remembered or ‘recovered’

Reid method

This is the most widely used police training methods on interviews and interrogations in the United States. It was developed by polygraph expert John Reid and colleagues.

relation

the real or perceived connection, dependency, influence or involvement between two or more things

relational mobility

the extent to which people have the opportunity to select new relationship partners

the amount of opportunity and freedom individuals have to form new and leave current relationships in a given society or social context (Yuki, Sato, Takemura, & Oishi, 2013)

the extent to which individuals are able to voluntarily form relationships new and leave old relationships in a given society or social context

relational models theory

states that people are inherently social animals who organize their lives in terms of their relationships with others. These relationships are culture-specific implementations of four types of basic social bonds. Communal sharing is one type of such a bond

relative deprivation

is the perception and / or experience of lacking something that one feels entitled to

relative judgment

judgment that is based on comparisons between different options (i.e., persons), rather than of a presented person and one’s memory of the perpetrator; it bears the hazard of choosing the person that most resembles the perpetrator (cf. absolute judgment)

reminiscent details

information in eyewitness accounts that is recalled (and reported) at a later time, but not during a previous attempt (Fisher, Brewer, & Mitchell, 2009)

reminiscent details

information in eyewitness accounts that is recalled (and reported) at a later time, but not during a previous attempt (Fisher, Brewer, & Mitchell, 2009)

Replication

Being able to replicate earlier scientific findings is a cornerstone of science. Based on the methods described in the original publication, independent researchers should be able to conduct a study that reaches similar conclusions.

Reproducibility Project

In 2015, a collaboration of 270 scientists published the results of a large attempt to investigate systematically to what extent earlier findings in psychology can be replicated. They selected 100 studies of three important scientific journals and conducted close replications. About one-third to one-half of the findings in the replications matched the results of the original studies. Reference: Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological. Science, 349, aac4716. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac4716

residential mobility

the frequency with which individuals change their residence

the degree to which people move residences, either on a personal or a regional level

Restudying

Viewing a to-be-remembered stimulus multiple times before a test

Retrieval

Accessing previously encoded and stored events or information from your brain

Retrieval practice

Being tested on a to-be-remembered stimulus multiple times before the real test

retrieval-induced forgetting

Phenomenon whereby recalling certain details strengthens a person’s memory for those details, at the expense of memory for related but non-retrieved details

revenge

the infliction of harm in return for a perceived wrong

romantic love

is passion plus intimacy; maybe you’re not thinking past the current wonderful moment, but for now you’re buckled into an emotional rollercoaster with a lovely friend, nice!

rumor

unverified pieces of information that are transmitted from person to person and are relevant to public concern; generally arise under circumstances of ambiguity and/or threat

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