Vagally-mediated heart rate variability

Changes in the time interval between successive heartbeats, originating from increased activity of the vagus nerve, which is the primary nerve of the parasympathetic nervous system. 

value orientation

the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group (for example, social equality, fairness and helpfulness are values)

value-expressive function

a function of attitudes that allows an individual to express his or her self-concept and central values 

ventromedial prefrontal cortex

brain area located in the frontal lobe, is implicated in the inhibition of emotional processes, decision-making, and the processing of risk and fear

vicarious embarrassment

The vicarious emotion of embarrassment. Typically, it is felt for another person in an embarrassing situation when that other person shows no signs of embarrassment and is unaware of the norm violation causing the embarrassment.

vicarious emotions

Emotions one feels on behalf of someone else. For example, one can be ashamed for someone else.

virtual reality

Computer-generated three-dimensional environment with which users can interact thanks to special input and output devices (usually VR glasses)

visuo-spatial number forms

mental maps of numbers in particular spatial positions