This term consists of the combination of the word “gay” with “radar”. It refers to the ability to recognize gay and lesbian people.


refers to the characteristics that a society or culture considers as masculine or feminine

gender expression

Gender expression is related to how verbal and non-verbal behaviors are used or interpreted according to gender norms that represent men as masculine and women as feminine.

gender identity

 a person’s sense of the self as female or male, along with the importance placed on gender and the feelings associated with membership in one’s gender group

gender inversion

Gender inversion refers to the assumption that gay men are similar to heterosexual women and lesbian women are similar to heterosexual men.

gender role norms

explicit or implicit rules about what members of a given gender ought and ought not do

gender roles

shared beliefs and expectations about the behaviors, traits, qualities, and competencies that are associated with being male or female


the functional unit of inheritance affecting the expression of one or more traits

gene-environment correlation

the phenomenon in which genetically influenced characteristics of the individual are correlated with the behavior or responses of the environment (e.g., parenting)

general action/inaction goals

goals with “end states” at the two extremes of overall activity level; a general action goal has an end state of very high motor/cognitive output, and a general inaction goal has an end state of very low motor/cognitive output

genetic markers

are variations or mutations in the DNA sequence that geneticists have identified as having some link (or potential link) to hereditary disease or some other human variation


is the total hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in that organism’s DNA; the human genome consists of 3,200,000,000 base pairs of genes

gestalt psychology

Field of psychology that studies how single parts are perceived as a hole. It describes principles of grouping (e.g. the principle of proximity: elements that are closer to each other are perceived as belonging together), of contour integration and completion, and figure-ground organization.


Reference: J. Wagemans u. a., „A century of Gestalt psychology in visual perception: I. Perceptual grouping and figure–ground organization“, Psychol. Bull., Bd. 138, S. 1172–1217, 2012, doi: 10.1037/a0029333.


global laboratory public good

A public good is a shared resource that people contribute to, such as a fund raised by the local community to preserve a forest. See public goods dilemma for a fuller description. A laboratory public good is one simulated in the laboratory, for example using an online experiment. See laboratory social dilemma for a full description. A global laboratory public good is one where decisions about allocating resources affect people in other parts of the world, as opposed to a local laboratory public good where those affected are “local”, for example participants in the same room or living in the same community.


any type of end state, outcome, or objective that people set and are then motivated to pursue through specific behaviors and thoughts


the exchange of evaluative information about individuals who are not present

graded membership

The fact that membership in a concept or category like “bowl” varies on a sliding or graded scale.


refers to successfully adding a contribution to the common ground; when a contribution to a conversation has been grounded it means that both conversation partners recognize it is now part of the shared knowledge or common ground (e.g. someone says "You know Harry had an accident", and someone replies "oh, did he?")

group emotion

refers to an emotion that is based on an appraisal occurring on a group basis; these emotions do not necessarily have to be based on someone's individual experience, but rather on one's group identity

group mind

is defined as LeBon`s supernatural force possessing those who dare to join a crowd

group monitoring

The group monitoring hypothesis argues that groups may be less affected by impairing factors, such as sleep deprivation, as compared to individuals. In groups, sleep deprived individuals might motivate each other or compensate for errors and decreased performance of other group members.

group polarisation

the tendency for people, when placed in group situations, to make decisions and form opinions to more of an extreme than when they are in individual situations

group self

is that part of the individuals` self-concept that is derived from their group membership(s)


The overemphasized harmony and conformity within the group in decision making contexts. This tendency comes at the price of reduced critical thinking and controversy and is likely to result in irrational or dysfunctional decision making.


means relating to the governor


Unpleasant emotion that is usually experienced in direct response to specific misconduct and is therefore often associated with responsibility and a tendency to make amends.

gustatory stimuli

stimuli related to the sense of taste